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 Title

  Module 3 - Theses on the themes of the first sub-module                                         Content

PROTECTION OF SOILS AND WATERS FROM ORGANIC FERTILIZERS

Arkadiy Krastev - Higher School “Agricultural College, Plovdiv - Bulgaria

      The present topic aims at acquainting the trainees with measures of limiting the pollution of soils and waters under various technologies of breeding animals in farms.

      Task:

      1. Measures of limiting the pollution of soils and waters: kind and size of farm, technology of breeding the animals.

2. Efficient production in sheep breeding farms.

3. Pig breeding in a private farmyard – capacity and way of pig breeding.

4. Soil capacity of converting the manure to humus – kinds of soils and regions, processes of mineralization.

5. Cattle-shed breeding – solid and liquid organic fertilizers, storage and processing in depositories.

6. Preservation of soils in technological and healthy state:

      - Not to bring a manure in the field without being subject to biological and thermic-treatment.
      - To keep the norms of fertilizing the various soils according to the composition, technical state, etc.
      - To make an assessment of the fields for applying dry and semi dry or liquid fertilizers.
      - A continuous control of the healthy state of animals kept.

7. Measures under cattle-shed – pasture and seasonal breeding of animals,

      - under cattle-shed – pasture breeding of animals,
      - under pasture breeding of animals,
      - use of the pastures – systematic and unsystematic (free)