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 Title

  Module 2 - Theses on the themes of the first sub-module                                         Content

THE PRESENT SITUATION AND THE FUTURE CHALLENGES FOR THE FARMERS AND THE AGRICULTURAL SCHOOLS

Lars Emborg, Borris Agricultural college, Denmark

What is agricultural policy?

      Agricultural policies can be many. First of all you can decide to have no policies. Not having a policy may lead to crises and even civil wars if the result is that people do not have anything to eat. But during the last 200 - 300 years, agricultural policies have been made to a smaller or higher extend.

The common agricultural policy (CAP) in EU.

      EU has as mentioned an agricultural policy called the common agricultural policy (CAP). It is complicated and sophisticated and it has elements from all of that already mentioned. Also it has elements such as social policy, regional policy and environmental policy.
      A standard farmers shall have a sufficient income (A standard farmer is a full time farmer showing good farm practice shall have an income, which is comparable with skilled workers in the industry).

Objectives:
      - A free internal market without custom duties
      - Production shall take place where the costs are the lowest.
      - Common rules for standards, controls
      - Common protection from competition from countries outside the Common Market
      - Common financing of the policy

Measures:

      - Market organisations with minimum price systems, export - import regulations, intervention
       systems, systems for storage and quotations. (Only sugar).
      - Structural measures, e.g. modernisation programmes for farms and processing industries
      - Establishment of common rules for standards and control