ECONOMICS OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND THE RESOURCES
Violina Khadzhieva, Senior Researcher,
Institute of Agrarian Economics, Sofia
Aim of the topic:
To acquaint the audience with the basic notions of the use of nature and the economics of water resources in particular, as well as to provide them with skills of applying to the practice.
• Necessity of managing the use of nature.
• Tools of managing the use of nature.
• Water as an instrument of the agricultural production.
• Is irrigation water a commodity?
• Price-formation of irrigation water.
• Choice of irrigation technologies.
• Fight against water erosion, salting and swamp formation.
• Good agricultural practices connected with waters
Price formation of irrigation water
Being a manpower’s product and satisfying definite needs of the water consumers, the irrigation water is estimated through its price.
In the market economy the price is a result of the commodity quality and utility. It is an estimation of the commodity consumer’s value from the point of view of that one who manufactures or sells it.
The price reflects and affects the economic interests of the producers on the one hand, and the consumers on the other hand. For example, the price of the water works on dual tasks – it should satisfy the economic interests of the Irrigation Agency units, which ensure their incomes by selling it, as well as to meet the consumers’requirements who strive for increasing the efficiency of production by using it.