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  Module 2 - Theses on the themes of the second sub-module                                      Content


Assoc. Prof. D. Sc. Dimiter Iv. Dimitrov
Higher School “Agricultural College”, Plovdiv, Bulgaria

      The agricultural production, as distinct from industry, is a four-factor production system: natural surroundings – land – labor –capital. The interaction of the natural surroundings, the land and the remaining factors appears to be the main moving force to the technological progress of the production.
      There is no single meaning definition of the notion “stability” in the economic literature. In broad terms, its content is revealed by the following principles used as indicators for recognizing the steadiness:
      - The benefit of no decreasing in the course of time. On the contrary, it should become
      higher in quantity and quality;
      - The resources should be used and managed so as to maintain the production
      possibilities sustainable in the future;
      - The consumption should not decrease in the course of time;
      - The natural capital available should not decrease in the course of time;
      - Minimum requirements aiming at steadiness and flexibility of the ecosystems should be

      It is namely on the second approach that is set up the idea of developing a sustainable agriculture through introducing new systems of agricultural alternative to the industrial ones. They have been represented lately by:
      • Integrated agriculture – these are systems of agricultural production less dependent on high implementations of variable factors (agrarian chemicals) but requiring a considerably more intensive management,