A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
Lalka Rosneva - Higher School “Agricultural College”, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
The conception of sustainable development is based on five principles:
The first: the mankind is really able to add stability to the development.
The second: the present limitations of the exploitation of the resources prove to be relative.
The third: a necessity of satisfying the elementary needs of all the people to be hopeful for a more prosperous life.
The fourth: a necessity of conforming the way of life of rich people to the ecological possibilities of the Earth.
The fifth: the size and number of the population should be conformed to the changing potential of the global ecosystem, i.e. the Earth.
The European community spares a considerable attention to the realization of the programs of sustainable developmentof the Community and the member countries. A more substantial attention is paid to the sustainable development of agriculture.
The macro-economic criteria of sustainable development of agriculture we include:
• The participation of the agriculture in the Gross National Product (GNP) of the
Community and the member countries;
• The employment in the agricultural sector of the Community and the member countries;
• The productivity of labor of the Community and the member countries;
• The income of the population and provision of quality food products;
• The hungry and poor people.
We include to the micro-economic criteria of sustainable development of agriculture, as follows:
• The economic stability of the agrarian enterprises (production and finance);
• The stability of employment;
• The stability of market demand.