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 Title

  Module 2 - Theses on the themes of the second sub-module                                      Content

A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION

Lalka Rosneva - Higher School “Agricultural College”, Plovdiv, Bulgaria

      The conception of sustainable development is based on five principles:
      The first: the mankind is really able to add stability to the development.
      The second: the present limitations of the exploitation of the resources prove to be relative.
      The third: a necessity of satisfying the elementary needs of all the people to be hopeful for a more prosperous life.
      The fourth: a necessity of conforming the way of life of rich people to the ecological possibilities of the Earth.
      The fifth: the size and number of the population should be conformed to the changing potential of the global ecosystem, i.e. the Earth.
      The European community spares a considerable attention to the realization of the programs of sustainable developmentof the Community and the member countries. A more substantial attention is paid to the sustainable development of agriculture.

      The macro-economic criteria of sustainable development of agriculture we include:
      • The participation of the agriculture in the Gross National Product (GNP) of the
       Community and the member countries;
      • The employment in the agricultural sector of the Community and the member countries;
      • The productivity of labor of the Community and the member countries;
      • The income of the population and provision of quality food products;
      • The hungry and poor people.

      We include to the micro-economic criteria of sustainable development of agriculture, as follows:
      • The economic stability of the agrarian enterprises (production and finance);
      • The stability of employment;
      • The stability of market demand.