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  Pilot farms

      Necessary Breeding Conditions

      - Feeding
A wheelbarrow of manure, wetted the previous day is used for feeding one bed every 15 days.
      - Temperature The optimum temperature for keeping worms is 20 25º C. The critical temperature is over 35º C. In winter the worms are protected against low temperatures by a thick layer of manure on and at the sides of the beds.
      - Moisture The optimum moisture is 65 - 70%. For that purpose the beds are wetted with about 3 l. water every 2 3 days.
      - Light It is harmful to the worms, so the beds should be covered with rush mats best of all.
      - Partition of beds After 3 - 4 months, the number of worms in a bed is twice higher because a new generation was bred. It requires partition of the bed. For the purpose a new empty bed is made and then it is populated with half of the worms from the old one. Eight beds could be obtained from one bed a year.
      - Aeration Every 45 days worms are overturned, at a depth of about 20 cm. using a pitchfork with blunt ends.
      - Lifting of humus The worms are fed in the middle of the bed only, and watering is scanty. After 3 days the biological manure containing the worms is lifted and transferred to the new bed. This procedure is carried out 3 times every 3 days. In this way all the worms are transferred into a new cell, and the humus is only left in the old bed. The humus is lifted on a cement site, dried for several days and screened through a sieve. Then it is packed in nylon bags.

Application of the biological manure:
       In floriculture /for pot and garden plants/; in vegetable production; in vine-growing and fruit-growing;
       It is effective for development of lawns in parks and playgrounds;
       It has a strong phytosanitary effect and controls the soil pathogens and diseases.
       A liquid manure for fertilization could be easily prepared from the solid manure.

Innovative activity of the biological manure

       Improved technology for production of biological manure for improvement of the nutrient content through combination of wastes and organic manure.
       Research activity: study different organic wastes and follow their influence on the nutrient content of the biological manure.